Punakha Dzongkhag is situated in western Bhutan, bordered by Gasa to the north, Thimphu to the west and Wangduephodrang to the east and south. The Dzongkhag is located at an altitude ranging from 1100-2500 m above sea level. Untill 1955, Punakha served as the winter capital of Bhutan. Currently, it serves as the winter residence for the Central Monastic Body.
The Dzongkhag is administratively divided into eleven gewogs, namely Baarp, Chhubu, Dzomi, Goenshari, Guma, Kabjisa, Lingmukha, Shengana, Talo, Toepisa and Toedwang.
|Population (BLSS 2012)
||Mean annual total household income Nu. (BLSS 2012)
|Number of Drungkhag
||Poverty incidence % (PAR 2012)
|Number of Gewogs
||GNH Index (GNH Survey 2015)
|Number of Households (BLSS 2012)
||Multi dimensional poverty % (MDPI 2012)
|Area (sq.kms) (SYB 2016)
||Unemployment rate % (BLSS 2012)
|Forest cover (%) (RNR Statistics 2012)
||General Literacy Rate % (BLSS 2012 )
|Crude Death Rate (number of deaths in a year per 1,000 population) (BLSS 2012)
||Adjusted Net Primary Attendance Rate % (BLSS 2012)
|Crude Birth Rate (number of live births in a year per 1,000 population) (BLSS 2012)
||Mean healthy days in a month (GNH Index 2010) 0 day worst and 30 days best
|(figures in the bracket represent the National average/total)
Punakha Dzongkhag is well known for rice, vegetables and fruits owing to its favorable location, soil and climatic conditions. The Dzongkhag basically grows little of everything but the main cash crops are paddy, wheat, maize and mustard. Though citrus fruits are among the main fruits grown in the Dzongkhag, other fruits like persimmon, guavas, peaches, plums, pears, avocado and apricots are grown. The Dzongkhag also grows a variety of vegetables such as chilies, raddish, cabbages, brinjals, leaves and tomatoes.
The Dzongkhag is also a popular tourist destination. Punakha Dzong is a major attraction besides Talo Dzong, Chhimi lhakhang, Khamsum Yulay Namgyel Chorten, and the two hot springs, namely Koma tshachu and the Chhubu tshachu.
The construction of farm roads has connected all Gewog centres even penetrating most of the major villages. Such accessibility has reduced the walking distance to less than one hour from road head for over 98% of the people. Adequate number of RNR centres, Basic Health Units and Schools are established at convenient locations in all the Gewogs to provide prompt delivery of services.
The 2015 GNH Survey reports Punakha to be in the medium category in terms of happiness with a GNH Index value of 0.758. The Dzongkhag has 100% access to electricity and mobile coverage and has Community Centres established in all the Gewogs where people can avail banking services and credit facilities.